Vincent Van Gogh

  • Vincent van Gogh's life and work are so intertwined that it is hardly possible to observe one without thinking of the other. Van Gogh has indeed become the incarnation of the suffering, misunderstood martyr of modern art, the emblem of the artist as an outsider. An article, published in 1890, gave details about van Gogh's illness. The author of the article saw the painter as "a terrible and demented genius, often sublime, sometimes grotesque, always at the brink of the pathological." Very little is known about Vincent's childhood. At the age of eleven he had to leave "the human nest", as he called it himself, for various boarding schools. The first portrait shows us van Gogh as an earnest nineteen year old. At that time he had already been at work for three years in The Hague and, later, in London in the gallery Goupil & Co. In 1874 his love for Ursula Loyer ended in disaster and a year later he was transferred to Paris, against his will. After a particularly heated argument during Christmas holidays in 1881, his father, a pastor, ordered Vincent to leave. With this final break, he abandoned his family name and signed his canvases simply "Vincent". He left for Paris and never returned to Holland. In Paris he came to know Paul Gauguin, whose paintings he greatly admired. The self-portrait was the main subject of Vincent's work from 1886c88. In February 1888 Vincent left Paris for Arles and tried to persuade Gauguin to join him. The months of waiting for Gauguin were the most productive time in van Gogh's life. He wanted to show his friend as many pictures as possible and decorate the Yellow House. But Gauguin did not share his views on art and finally returned to Paris. On 7 January, 1889, fourteen days after his famous self-mutilation, Vincent left the hospital where he was convalescing. Although he hoped to recover from and to forget his madness, but he actually came back twice more in the same year. During his last stay in hospital, Vincent painted landscapes in which he recreated the world of his childhood. It is said that Vincent van Gogh shot himself in the side in a field but decided to return to the inn and went to bed. The landlord informed Dr Gachet and his brother Theo, who described the last moments of his life which ended on 29 July, 1890: "I wanted to die. While I was sitting next to him promising that we would try to heal him. [...], he answered, `La tristesse durera toujours (The sadness will last forever).'"

  • Vincent van Gogh (Groot-Zundert, Brabant, 1853 - Auvers-sur-Oise, 1890) La vie et l'oeuvre de Vincent van Gogh sont si étroitement liées qu'il est quasiment impossible de voir ses toiles sans y lire le récit de sa vie : van Gogh est en effet devenu l'incarnation du martyr souffrant et incompris de l'art moderne, l'emblème de l'artiste marginal. Le premier article, publié en 1890, donnait des détails sur la maladie de van Gogh. L'auteur de l'article voyait le peintre comme un «génie terrible et dément, souvent sublime, parfois grotesque, toujours à la limite du cas pathologique ». On sait très peu de choses sur l'enfance de Vincent. Á l'âge de 11 ans, il dut quitter le «nid humain », comme il le nommait lui-même, pour poursuivre sa scolarité dans divers internats. Le premier portrait nous montre van Gogh comme un jeune homme sérieux de dix-neuf ans. A cette époque, il avait déjà travaillé trois ans à La Haye et ensuite à Londres, dans la galerie Goupil & Co. En 1874, son amour pour Ursula Loyer s'acheva dans un désastre et un an plus tard, il fut transféré à Paris, contre son gré. A l'issue d'une discussion particulièrement violente au moment des fêtes de Noël 1881, son père, pasteur, ordonna à Vincent de partir. Avec cette ultime rupture, il abandonna son nom de famille, signant ses toiles d'un simple «Vincent ». Il se rendit à Paris et ne retourna jamais en Hollande. Á Paris il fit la connaissance de Paul Gauguin, dont il admirait énormément les peintures. L'autoportrait fut le principal sujet de Vincent de 1886 à 1888. En février 1888, Vincent quitta Paris pour Arles, et essaya de persuader Gauguin de le rejoindre. Les mois passés à attendre Gauguin furent les plus productifs de la vie de van Gogh. Il voulait montrer à son ami autant de toiles que possible et décorer la Maison jaune. Mais Gauguin ne partageait pas sa vision de l'art et rentra finalement à Paris.
    Le 7 janvier 1889, quatorze jours après son automutilation, Vincent quitta l'hôpital. Ignorant sa propre folie, il espérait se rétablir et oublier, mais en réalité, il y retourna deux fois cette année là. Au cours de son ultime séjour à l'hôpital, Vincent peignit des paysages dans lesquels il recréait le monde de son enfance. On dit que Vincent van Gogh se tira une balle dans la tempe dans un champ, mais décida de rentrer à l'hôtel et de se coucher. Le propriétaire informa le Dr Gachet et son frère, Theo ; ce dernier décrivit les derniers instants de sa vie qui prit fin le 29 juillet 1890 : «Je voulais mourir. Mais j'étais assis à son chevet, lui promettant que nous allions le guérir. [...] », il répondit : «La tristesse durera toujours. »

  • The incarnation of the myth of a cursed artist, Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890) is a legend who became a reference for modern art. An Expressionist during the Post-Impressionist movement, his art was misunderstood during his lifetime. In Holland, he partook

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